Gov. Sam Brownback called a special session of the Kansas Legislature last week, and it is scheduled to convene Sept. 3. His action came at the request of Attorney General Derek Schmidt, in response to a U.S. Supreme Court decision last month that raised questions about the law's constitutionality.
The Kansas Legislature has had 21 special sessions:
1. Sept. 1874: 7 days, called by Gov. Thomas Osborn, a Republican, to deal with a grasshopper plague destroying crops.
2. March 1884: 7 days, called by Gov. George Glick, a Democrat, to deal with an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in cattle.
3. Jan.-Feb. 1886: 28 days, called by Gov. John Martin, a Republican, to resolve redistricting and deal with appropriations issues.
4. Dec. 1898-Jan. 1899: 17 days, called by Gov. John Leedy, a Populist, to impose new regulations on railroad charges.
5. June 1903: 3 days, called by Gov. Willis Bailey, a Republican, to enact emergency flood relief legislation.
6. Jan.-Feb. 1908: 16 days, called by Gov. Edward Hoch, a Republican, to deal with regulation of railroad rates, create a primary election and respond to a financial panic with banking legislation.
7. June 1919: 4 days, called by Gov. Henry Allen, a Republican, to have the Legislature ratify the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, providing voting rights for women.
8. Jan. 1920: 20 days, called by Allen to deal with social unrest caused by a coal miner's strike and to pay Kansas National Guard expenses.
9. Aug. 1923: 7 days, called by Gov. Jonathan Davis, a Democrat, after learning $25 million in bonds wouldn't cover voter-approved payments to World War I veterans.
10. July 1928: 3 days, called by Gov. Ben Paulen, a Republican, to draft an amendment to the Kansas Constitution to allow the state to build and maintain highways, so it wouldn't lose federal funds.
11. Feb.-March 1930: 11 days, called by Gov. Clyde Reed, a Republican, to draft a constitutional amendment on tax policy and respond to a Kansas Supreme Court decision on tax issues.
12. Oct.-Dec. 1933: 25 days, called by Gov. Alf Landon, a Republican, to investigate the forging of municipal bonds (in what became known as "The Great Finney Bond Scandal," after its central figure) and to respond to federal banking and work relief laws.
13. March 1934: 6 days, called by Landon, to revise and extend a moratorium on mortgage foreclosures.
14. July 1936: 7 days, called by Landon, to draft a constitutional amendment to allow the state to participate in the federal Social Security program.
15. Feb.-March 1938: 22 days, called by Gov. Walter Huxman, a Democrat, to make further changes to welfare laws and increase state funding.
16. April-May 1958: 17 days, called by Gov. George Docking, a Democrat, to respond to a budget crisis brought on by the Kansas Supreme Court's striking down a mineral severance tax.
17. Feb. 1964: 6 days, called by Gov. John Anderson, a Republican, to deal with legislative redistricting in the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court's historic one-person, one-vote ruling.
18. Feb.-March 1966: 14 days, called by Gov. Bill Avery, a Republican, to deal with legislative redistricting again, in the wake of another U.S. Supreme Court decision striking down a Kansas law.
19. Aug.-Sept. 1987: 6 days, called by Gov. Mike Hayden, a Republican, in an unsuccessful attempt to enact a comprehensive highway program.
20. Dec. 1989: 2 days, called by Hayden, to extend home and business owners' deadline for paying property taxes.
21. June-July 2005: 12 days, called by Gov. Kathleen Sebelius, a Democrat, to respond to a Kansas Supreme Court order that legislators provide additional money to public schools.
Sources: Kansas State Library, House and Senate Journals, 1874-2005.
Copyright 2013 The Associated Press.